" Allah (s.w.t) "
If There is God, why Does He Let Babies Suffer?
If there is God, why can some kids be without parents? They have no sin; but they're having hard lives...If there is God, why does He permit something like that?
Let’s imagine for a moment that all evils in the world show and prove that there is no God. Yes, if He really existed, He would absolutely prevent them. But there is not a God preventing troubles of the world as we see. If that’s so, in case of assuming a godless universe, what will be our explanation about the existence of infinite creatures each in an excellent harmony, wonderful and well equipped? Is it possible for them to come into existence on their own although they are unconscious and unintelligent? Since beings exist and this cannot be denied, since each being comes into existence in a wise and artistic fashion, since each is not outside time but is being continuously renewed, then the whole universe shows and proves the existence of One All-Powerful and All-Glorious Creator.
Who has created everything in the best way…
” (Surah al Sajda, 7)
Well, then, by the proof of the whole creatures, we have no doubt in the existence of a Creator. But then, we are face to face a new question: If He is an All-Powerful and All-Glorious Creator, why does He permit evils in the world? However, whole beauties, endless bounties in the world show as clear as His existence that He has infinite mercy. At this point, we discover a new fact: “There is no absolute evil in the world; anything, even the disasters; is good. Because if we reflect upon it, we’ll see that there are two kinds of beauty in the world: first is “essential beauty” meaning “beautiful in itself”. (eg. Rose; its beauty is clear.); second is the “relative beauty” meaning beautiful in regard to its results. There are certain events which are apparently ugly and confused, but beneath that apparent veil, there are most shining instances of beauty and order. (eg. Thorn of a rose; under its sharp appearance, it has a very beautiful result by protecting the rose )
Future results and past reasons convert outwardly evils into real goods
We regard events “evil”; because we don’t see and take into account their future results and past reasons, while Allah does. You know the real story about Prophet Moses and Khidr, a righteous servant of Allah whom He bestowed mercy, divine knowledge and wisdom. Prophet Moses wanted to accompany Khidr during a journey to learn the divine knowledge which he was given. Khidr took Moses’s word not to ask him anything about what he did. But (by the command of Allah) he did so strange things that Prophet Moses couldn’t stop himself asking the reasons and accusing him. So Khidr explained him the reasons of his deeds.
Let’s read the original sentences of the story:
“So they both proceeded, till, when they embarked the ship, he (Khidr) scuttled it. Moses said: "Have you scuttled it in order to drown its people? Verily, you have committed a thing "Imra" (a Munkar - evil, bad, dreadful thing)."(Surah al Kahf, 71)
“Then they both proceeded, till they met a boy, he (Khidr) killed him. Moses said: "Have you killed an innocent person who had killed none? Verily, you have committed a thing "Nukra" (a great Munkar - prohibited, evil, dreadful thing)!" (Surah al Kahf, 74)
“Then they both proceeded, till, when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found therein a wall about to collapse and he (Khidr) set it up straight. [Moses] said: If you had wished, surely, you could have taken wages for it!
(Khidr) said: "This is the parting between me and you; I will tell you the interpretation of (those) things over which you were unable to hold patience.
As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was a king after them who seized every ship by force. (*He damaged the ship, because the king didn’t take the damaged ships. That’s how he saved those poor people’s ship. )
And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. So we intended that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy.
And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town; and there was under it a treasure belonging to them; and their father was a righteous man, and your Lord intended that they should attain their age of full strength and take out their treasure as a mercy from your Lord. And I did it not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience." (Surah al Kahf, 77- 82)
Outwardly hardships are to gain countless benefits; that converts evil into good
For example, a seed goes through very hard life conditions; it is squeezed under the dark, heavy heap of soil, puts up with many harsh rains and violent storms. With an outwardly point of view, they all seem damages for the poor seed. And we question “Why does Allah let them hurt it?” Then we see that although they seem outwardly harmful, indeed they all make the seed gain countless benefits. Those are hard but essential situations which the seed has to go through in order to gain its life. If not, it would never be able to become a grown tree.
It is also the same in the question. “Why do some babies have so harsh life conditions?” It is similar to the question Moses asked Khidr. Its answer also hides countless wisdoms and benefits for them just as in the story. And those babies are like small innocent seeds having hard lives. But in the end, all difficulties will make them gain both worldly awards (such as strong characteristics) and outworldly rewards (like infinite bounties in paradise.)
If the free will of man is deterministic factor in a situation, then man is responsible for what he did
Besides, there are two types of destiny. One is the destiny which man’s will have no effect on. The other is the destiny shaped by the will of man. At this point; if parents of a baby died or some other which parents have no effect on happened; then it is what Allah chose for those people; we should remember the aforesaid wisdoms. But if the parents of a baby forsook it and left it to loneliness by their will, it is a result of their own fault; then the one who is in charge of the hardships that the baby suffers is its” parents”. They are responsible for what they did, what they caused.
Allah lets evils in this world, for it is a world of test; but He is not going to let evil doers get away with their deeds in the hereafter
Then a question comes to our mind: “”Why does Allah let them?” In this world, Allah lets man’s choices come true; whether they are good or bad. If He didn’t, “the free will of man” would make no sense. Allah lets them happen, because this world is a place of test. But they will never be allowed get away with their injustices and tyrannies in the hereafter. Those who gave harm to the other people will be questioned and punished while those who endured their hardships will be rewarded with endless unique bounties of paradise.
Briefly, evils in the world don’t show the absence of a God. On the contrary, there is a God who helps anyone in need and converts the evils into goods for them and will reward them in the hereafter for any right they did and any evil they endured.
For further information and explanation about the question, you can take a look at the following links:
Is It Possible to Prove the Existence of Allah?
Why does Allah (swt) not Prevent the Disasters and the Catastrophes But Allows Them?
Why does Allah (swt) create evils and the devil? Kaynak: https://askaquestionto.us - If There is God, why Does He Let Babies Suffer?