" Ramadan "
What is the Provision of Quitting Ramadan Fasting?
"O you who believe! Observing the fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become the pious." (Baqara 183)
Allah (swt) obviously prescribed to observe sawm (fasting) during Ramadan. Prescribed worships are obligatory (fard) for all Muslims. There is a punishment for the quitted prescribed worships if they are quitted intentionally without an excuse and reward in return for performing them. If one gives up his fast without an excuse he would be sinful for giving up a rule of Islam. And if one doesn’t regard it as fard (obligatory) while it is fard, he would be regarding a worship as it is not prescribed and commanded while that worship is prescribed as an obligation, duty which is supposed to be performed in Islam. In this case, he has the possibility to go a little far away from what Islam prescribed for mankind for their own good. Allah loves His servants and wants the best for them. That’s why he prescribed mankind with certain worships in certain times. But regarding these prescribed worships as unnecessary and as not obligatory, one may have the possibility to be counted from amongst the disbelievers while he/she claims to be a Muslim. Thus, if one denies fasting being fard (obligatory) he is regarded as a disbeliever.
“O you who believe! Observing sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become the pious. ” (Baqarah 183)
“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for humankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion. So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan) must observe the fasts that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want for you difficulty. (So you) must complete the same number, and that you must magnify Allah for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him. ” (Baqarah 185)
According to the scholars; if one quits fasting without an excuse but does not deny its being obligatory (fard), he would not be kafir (unbeliever) but would be sinful. He will be punished for quitting fasting during Ramadan in the hereafter (akhirah). But he/she cannot be regarded as a disbeliever. Kaynak: http://askaquestionto.us - What is the Provision of Quitting Ramadan Fasting?