" Fiqh- Islamic Jurisprudence "
Is it permissible to read Quran at the grave?
Is it acceptable in Islam to pray and recite Quran by standing in front of the grave for parents and the deceased? Asking Allah to forgive their sins and ask for Jannah?
Reciting Quran and conveying the reward to the deceased parents
Abu Huraira (ra) reported Allah's Messenger (pbuh) as saying: “When a man dies, his acts come to an end, but three, recurring charity, or knowledge (by which people) benefit, or a pious son, who prays for him (for the deceased)”. (Muslim)
Ibn Adiyy (ra) narrated a hadith from Abu Bakr (ra) that:
“Whoever visits the grave of his father and mother or the grave of one of both on Friday and recites surah al Yasin there, Allah (swt) will forgive the owner of the grave.”
Tabarani and Bayhaqi narrated from Ibn Omar (ra):
“When one of you gives nafila sadaqa (charity) he should convey its thawab (reward) to his parents. In this case, the reward is given to them and nothing deduced from his own reward.” (Sunan Ibn Maja)
Reciting Quran at the grave
The Prophet (pbuh) said:
"Read Ya Seen over those of you who are dying/deceased."
(Narrated by Abu Dawud in his Sunan (Jana'iz), al-Nasa'i in his Sunan (`Amal al-yawm wal-layla), Ibn Majah in his Sunan (Jana'iz), and Ibn Hibban in his Sahih (Ihsan), and he declared it sound (sahih).)
The Prophet said: "Ya Seen is the heart of the Qur'an, no man reads it desiring Allah and the afterlife except he is forgiven. Read it over your dying/deceased." Ahmad relates it in his Musnad (5:26)
`Ata' ibn Abi Rabah said: I heard Ibn `Umar say: I heard the Prophet say: "When one of you dies do not tarry, but make haste and take him to his grave, and let someone read at his head the opening of Surat al-Baqara, and at his feet its closure when he lies in the grave." al-Tabarani narrates it in al-Mu`jam al-kabir, but Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa'id (3:44) that the latter's chain contains Yahya ibn `Abd Allah al-Dahhak al-Babalti who is weak. However, the hadith is confirmed by the practice of `Abd Allah ibn `Umar as narrated through sound chains (see below). al-Khallal also narrates the hadith in his al-Amr bi al-ma`ruf (p. 122 #239).
It is related that al-`Ala' ibn al-Lajlaj said to his children: "When you bury me, say as you place me in the side-opening (lahd) of the grave: Bismillah wa `ala millati rasulillah -- In the name of Allah and according to the way of Allah's Messenger -- then flatten the earth over me, and read at the head of my grave the beginning of Surat al-Baqara and its end, for I have seen that Ibn `Umar liked it." Narrated by Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubra (4:56), Ibn Qudama in al-Mughni (2:474, 2:567, 1994 ed. 2:355), al-Tabarani in al-Kabir, and Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa'id (3:44) that the latter's narrators were all declared trustworthy.
Moreover, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, the founder of the Hanbali school stated that: “While passing through the graveyard, surahs Ikhlas, Falaq, Nas and Fatiha should be read and the reward should be conveyed to the deceased.” Ahmad ibn-i Muhammad ibn-i Harun Abubakr il-Hilal- Cami
Imam Birgivi, one of the Hanafi scholars said about this issue:
“Who comes to the graveyard says: “Assalâmu alaykum, yâ ahla dâr-il qavm-il mu'minîn! Innâ Insâallahü an karîbin biküm lâhikûn)” after that recites eleven surah al Ikhlas and Fatiha with basmala. Then recites the prayer: “Allahumma rabbel-ecsâdilbâ liyeh, vel-izâmin nahire-tilletî haracat minaddunyâ ve hiye bike muminetun, edhil alayhâ revhan min indike ve salâman minnî” (Jila al Qulub)
Our prophet (pbuh) also visited the graveyards
Our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) recommended us to greet the dead by turning our faces to the graves and to recite this salam when we enter the graveyard:
“May the Peace (of Allah) be upon you, O people of this land (the graveyard), who are among the Believers! Insha Allah, we too shall (soon) be joining you. We ask Allah protection for you and for ourselves." (Muslim, Ibn-i Majah)
The narration from Hazrat Aisha has a bit different expression carrying the same meaning. In this narration, it is stated that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) came by the Madinah graveyard and said the following by turning his face to their side:
السلام على أهل الديار من المؤمنين والمسلمين ويرحم الله المستقدمين منا والمستأخرين وإنا إن شاء الله بكم للاحقون”
“Peace be upon the inhabitants of the graves, believers and Muslims. May Allaah have mercy upon those who have gone ahead of us and those who come later on, and verily we will, insha’Allaah, join you.” (Thirmizi, Janaaiz 58-59 narrated by Ibn-i Abbas)
The deceased can hear and take the salutation of the visitor in the graveyard, besides he can recognize him
If a person gives salam to a graveyard while passing by it that he used to know,, the deceased takes his salute and recognize him, as well. If he salutes a grave that he doesn’t know, the deceased takes his salute. (Ihya-u Ulumid Din)
"When a human being is laid in his grave and his companions return and he even hears their foot steps, two angels come to him and make him sit and ask him: What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad ? He will say: I testify that he is Allah's slave and His Apostle. Then it will be said to him, 'Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise instead of it.' " The Prophet added, "The dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite will say to the angels, 'I do not know, but I used to say what the people used to say! It will be said to him, 'Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance (by reciting the Quran).'” (Book23, Hadith 422) Bukhari) Kaynak: http://askaquestionto.us - Is it permissible to read Quran at the grave?