" Miscellaneous "
What Are The Major Good Deeds?
We all seem to know what the major sins are, but we don't know what the equivalent good deeds are. What would be the major good deeds?
All kinds of haram are evil and sinful; however there are differences and degrees amongst these sins in respect to their size. Besides, all parts and kinds of halal are good and clean and some of them are superior to the others.
Even though seven major sins have been stated in the narrations, there are not seven major good deeds or thawabs narrated in the hadiths.
The virtue and superiority of the deeds depend on the intentions
Narrated Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (ra);
“Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wassallam) said, "The deeds are considered by the intentions, and a person will get the reward according to his intention.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
“Nay, but whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.” (Surah al- Baqara, 112)
The virtue of the intention and the reward it brings is stated in the following hadith:
“There is a slave. Allah has bestowed him knowledge, not wealth; however he has a good intention (niyyah) and he says: ‘If I had money, I would spend it on charity like so and so person.’ There, he earns thawab as if he performed the deed in his intention; both of them get equal rewards.” (Thirmidhi, Ibn-I Maja)
In the hadith, it is indicated that a person,because of his intention,despite being ignorant and poor can get as much thawab and sin as a wise and wealthy person can .
Thus, narrated in the hadith;
“The believer’s intentions are better than his acts.” (Kutub-I Sittah)
Niyah (intention) converts a simple action to worship and converts a worship performed with the intention of pride to a sin. Intention is the soul animating the action. The size of the reward (thawab) of a deed just depends on its being performed with an intention of gaining the consent of Allah (swt). Thus, a deed done with a sincere intention can cause as much thawabs as thousands of deeds can cause.
In this century, abandoning the major sins is one of the most superior deeds of all
In this century, the basic essence and the supreme deed is taqwa which is abandoning the major sins and the evil. Because, in this very difficult time with respect to preserving the faith, taqwa and the deeds performed with taqwa is the greatest essence to avoid the evils and the devastation of the time.
Badiuzzaman Said Nursi ,one of the scholars of this century, stated in his tafsir that one who performs the fard (obligatory) and abandons the major deeds reach safety. Pointing out to the importance of righteous deeds, he stated that a small amount of righteous deeds equals to great amounts under these circumstances. A little deed that was performed on the condition of abandoning hundreds of attacking sins, causes rewards of hundreds of wajibs.
Regarding these words, we understand that in such a dreadful time, if we abandon the sins with taqwa, we will gain as much rewards as performing hundreds of wajib. And these rewards will appear on the right scale and compensate many sins on the Day of Judgment inshallah.
Man will get the reward and the penalty for each of his deeds regarding the principle “The deeds are considered by the intentions.” If a deed is not performed to gain the consent of Allah (swt), it does not cause thawab and it can be means of sin, as well. Just as “the life of deeds is intention”, certainly a deed performed with a sincere intention or abandoning a sin to cause the consent of Allah (swt) is superior to a great number of deeds. Besides, they will be a means of increasing the good deeds in the hereafter inshallah.
Abandoning the sins is the most superior worship
Hadrat Aisha stated that:
“You overlook the most superior worship. It is vera, abandoning haram.”
Abdullah ibn-I Omar stated that:
“Even if you perform salah until you bend like a bow and even if you fast until you slim like a wire, they will not be accepted from you until you have ‘vera’ that avoids you from haram.” (Ihya-yi Ulum-id Din)
Besides, Our Prophet (pbuh) was asked the best deeds by many companions.
The following hadith is an answer for one of the best deed questions:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle was asked, "What is the best deed?" He replied, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad). The questioner then asked, "What is the next (in goodness)? He replied, "To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah's Cause." The questioner again asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To perform Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) 'Mubrur, (which is accepted by Allah and is performed with the intention of seeking Allah's pleasure only and not to show off and without committing a sin and in accordance with the traditions of the Prophet)." (Sahih Bukhari)
However, when we observe similar hadiths, we see that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) gave different answers to the same question of different companions. Scholars say that he (pbuh) mentioned different deeds as the best of all, because he recommended the deed which was the best for the questioner and which the questioner needed the most. Kaynak: http://askaquestionto.us - What Are The Major Good Deeds?