" The Hereafter "
Why Is There Jahannam (Hell)?
Why did Allah create the hell (Jahannam)?
Man is not idle. He will be rewarded or punished for what he does
"And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, that He may reward those who do evil with that which they have done, and reward those who do good with goodness." (Surah Najm; 31)
"We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in play." (Surah Anbiya; 16)
"I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me." (Surah Dhariyat; 56)
Qurtubi (ra) interprets this ayah as the following: “We didn’t create this world in vain. We created these in order to attract the attentions to a Creator whose power is omnipotent and who is to be the only worshipped and who gives the rewards of those doing good and punishes those wrong-doers. We didn’t create this heaven and earth for people to tyrannize each other, to go wrong paths and fall in deviance and rebel the orders and then go from this world without getting what he deserves. We didn’t create them to leave them uncontrolled.” (Qurtubi)
The existence of the hell is a mercy and justice for the oppressed
As known the will of man in this world is free. They live as they wish. Not everyone completely takes what he/she deserves in this world. Most of the time, cruel goes with the honour and oppressed leaves this world with misery. Because this world is not the place of reward, it is the place of test.
But Allah the All-Just and the most Compassionate cannot accept such an injustice and mercilessness by not creating the hell (jahannam). Of course, the oppressed will take their own rights and cruels will be punished in there.
Moreover; the world is not big and magnificent enough to reward the believers doing good deeds and punish the big sins of wrongdoers. So, there will be another place to accomplish all these.
Saying “There is no hell.” is to oppose the power of Allah
"And they who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, such are rightful owners of hell." (Surah Maida; 10)
"(And it is said unto them): This is the Fire which ye were wont to deny." (Surah Tur; 14)
"Woe unto the repudiators on that day! (It will be said unto them:) Depart unto that (doom) which ye used to deny" (Surah Mursalat; 28-29)
"This is Hell which the guilty deny. They go circling round between it and fierce, boiling water." (Surah Rahman; 43-44)
"And the hills are set in motion and become as a mirage. Lo! hell lurketh in ambush, A home for the rebellious. They will abide therein for ages. Therein taste they neither coolness nor (any) drink Save boiling water and a paralysing cold: Reward proportioned (to their evil deeds). For lo! they looked not for a reckoning; They called Our revelations false with strong denial." (Surah Naba; 21-28)
Allah (swt) threatened unbelievers with the hell. Those who continue sinning, despite of all these warnings naturally deserve to be punished.
Because, for example, imagine that a vagrant and rebellious person wound the pride of the governor of the country by telling “you cannot punish me and send me to jail.” Naturally this governor would build a prison in this country if there is no and put that rude into the jail.
Likewise, unbelievers wound the pride of Allah (swt) and accuse Him of impotency by saying “He cannot create the hell and punish us.” Allah the most high, of course, would create the jahannam (hell) to show His greatness and omnipotence and put this unbeliever into this hell.
Disbelievers, by denying the existence of Allah, reject the names and attributes of Allah (swt) thus they deny the praise and glorifications of all creatures who worship Him. While all creatures repeating “Allah is One and only” in their own tongue of dispositions, unbelievers contradict these. Unbelievers impinge on the rights of all the creatures as they assume those lofty and valuable creatures as invaluable and pointless.
Allah will punish those who have done wrong and tyrannized the innocent ones that of course the punishment for those wrongs will be the hell.
And finally, opposites are intertwined. If one is missing the other cannot be comprehended completely. For example, we cannot fathom the value of pleasure and relief without trouble and disaster. We cannot fathom the light without darkness and beauty without ugliness. And without Jahannam (hell) the value of Jannah (paradise) would be unknown and veiled. Kaynak: http://askaquestionto.us - Why Is There Jahannam (Hell)?